Refers to the method of suspending bait hooks in different water layers and fishing for fish that feed on the lower, middle or upper layers of the water body.
Floating fishing is an advanced fishing method suitable for all-water fish. The correct use of floating fishing methods can not only catch the pelagic silver carp, bighead carp, stilthead carp and other fishes that are difficult to catch by traditional fishing with hand rods, but also medium Lower fish, such as grass, bream, and floating bottom carp, crucian fish and other fish. However, it is not an easy task to master it, because there are many technical links in floating fishing, such as the collocation of line sets, the preparation of bait, the choice of hooks, etc., are all its restrictive factors, which will all have an impact on the catch.
There are three types of floating fishing techniques from fishing tackle: hand-pole floating fishing, throwing-pole floating fishing and longline fishing (line floating fishing).
Float fishing with hand pole
1. Floating fishing with real bait in the upper water body
⑴. Long pole and short line fishing method
The length of the line is equivalent to half the length of the rod body, one end is connected to the isosceles, and the other end is connected to the No. 5-6 single hook, with rope insects as bait. Anglers try their best to choose fishing spots on the shore covered with bushes. Keep it concealed. After you find the fish, gently float the bait hook on the water surface to make the rope worms struggle in the water and ripple. Attract the fish to the bait. This fishing method is used for the middle and upper negative. Such as sharks, white fish, crucian carp, etc.;
⑵. Poke arch fishing method
This is a method of fishing four fish with long poles and short lines. The line from the isotope to the bait hook is about 40 cm long, without drifting and falling. Use a No. 8 hook, wrap a lead wire around the back bend handle of the hook to increase the weight; use earthworms or shrimp as bait. In North China. Autumn is the best season for fishing crucian carp with this method.
When the sky is clear, crucian carp mostly floats in the upper layer of the water body to feed in the dense grass layer. When foraging, they often make a kiss, which is usually loud and small; the sound is small and the fish is big. The arching action is big, the fish is big. The angler can find the position of the fish according to the movement of the water plants or the sound of the kiss of the fish, and deliver the bait hook to the arched place (that is, the place of the fish's mouth) in time. The key to this method is to grasp the timing of the appointment, and it is best to release the bait as soon as the fish catches the grass. This method can be used for fishing on the shore or on a boat, but the action should be light;
⑶. Squat fishing method
This is a method of fishing for black fish by throwing the bait on the surface of the water plants. Snakeheads do nest spawning successively from May to July. At this time, the fishing method is to find the snout nests and fish for the snouts that watch the nests and protect the young, commonly known as "squatting nests." Hidden frogs or small fish. The contract at this time is "squatting and running into the sea." The bait used in this method is a frog or a small fish;
⑷. Grass nest fishing method
This is the method of fishing grass carp in still waters with reed grass or other dry grass as bait. Bundle reed grass or dry grass into a number to tie a stone with another rope, and put the grass and the stone in the water near the shore to induce grass carp to hook; the hook can be loaded with fine snakes, clam moths, crickets or reed grasses tip. When grass carp is found near the grass nest. Throw Bait Jun in front of one side of the grass nest and lure it to swallow it. The angler must be hidden.
2. Floating fishing with real bait in the middle or lower layer of the water body
The fishing line is equipped with floats, and the float position should be set so that the bait can hang in the lower layer of the water body. Fix a suitable sinker at the end of the wire, and connect 2 to 3 single hooks of size 8 to 9 on the top of the sinker. The distance between the hooks and the hooks is 20 to 30 cm. Use earthworms, shrimp or small fish as bait. The best fishing spot is to choose deep water with many rocks or ridges. This method can not only catch a mouthful, but also carnivorous fishes such as zodiac fish. It is better to fish early in the morning, evening or night, especially at night.
3. Floating fishing with fake bait in the upper, middle, or middle and lower water bodies
A small feather hook is used, and a small float is installed about 5 cm above the hook from the hook. Throw the feather hook on the water where fish is judged, and then gently pull it back. If there is no fish swallowed, you can throw it again. This method is used in shallow and still waters. You have to walk along the shore while throwing. It can catch yellow, horsemouth, and white beak. For fish that eat in the middle or lower middle layer, you can use insects or fish-shaped bait hooks. The fishing method is the same as the real fishing method. In some turbulent streams in the Heilongjiang area, this method can be used to catch cold-water fish such as scaly fish.
1. Floating fishing with real bait
Float fishing with real bait in turbulent streams, usually with suitable floats. There are two ways to organize hooks and sinkers:
⑴. Fix an open sinker at the lower end of the fishing line, the hook is connected under the sinker, and the float is fixed on the fishing line about 1 meter away from the sinker;
⑵. The sinker is fixed at the end of the line, and the hook is connected to the fishing line above the sinker. 2 to 3 hooks can be connected, and each hook is about 20 cm apart. Use insects, shrimp or small fish as bait. When fishing, choose a shallow hook in the upper reaches of the deep water area. Immediately release the line after the hook is off, so that the float will drive the bait hook to drift downstream to the deep water area; then slowly take up the line; when fishing in still waters, the hook and drop should be thrown to the point where the fish is judged. The other method is to cast the bait at the selected fishing spot before dropping the hook. The fishing spot should be located near the shore where the water is rushing between the reefs;
2. Floating fishing with fake bait
This method is not suitable for floating. After the fake bait hook is thrown out, it sinks to the concrete support to be fished, that is, the line is taken up, so that the fake bait can swim in the water to simulate the live bait. When the fake bait is retracted to the shore, re-cast it. Out, and so on repeatedly. The key to this method is to accurately grasp the wire take-up speed. There are many kinds of fakes, and the choice of fake bait for fishing depends on the target.
Longline fishing (line floating fishing)
This method does not use a fishing rod, but only uses a fishing line, floats and hooks that are tens to 100 meters long. Fix a buoyant spherical float at one end of the fishing line. Connect a fishing hook every 30-50 cm on the fishing line. A total of 10 hooks can be connected. The hook line is 20 cm long. This method can be hooked in two ways:
⑴. Release the fishing line along the current and hook it up and down at the water inlet or bridge;
⑵.Fix a wooden boat-shaped float with sails at the end of the line, and use the wind to release the fishing line. In some areas, empty hook longline fishing (also known as roller hook, quick hook, draw hook, brother hook fishing) is also used. The fishing method is basically the same as the above-mentioned longline fishing, except that there is no bait on the hook, and the fish is hung by sharp hook spikes.